Common Eye Conditions Explained

(Click the green button to access the NHS information page for each condition, or click the blue button to download a handy, printable information leaflet)

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Blepharitis

Dry, sore & gritty sensation in eyes, caused by swelling & inflammation of the eyelids.

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Conjunctivitis

Swelling and inflammation of the film covering the eye, due to infection or allergic reaction.

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Cataract

Clouding of the eye's own lens, due to age, trauma, medication, or systemic disease.

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Glaucoma

Loss of vision due to disease of the optic nerve, often associated with excessive intraocular pressure (pressure inside the eye).

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Age-Related Macula Degeneration

Reduction & loss of central vision, mainly due to age.

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Diabetic Eye Disease

Changes to the eye due to long-term or poorly controlled diabetes.

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Flashes and Floaters

Black dots or bright flashing lights in the vision.

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Squint (Strabismus)

Condition where one eye does not point in the correct direction.

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Double Vision

Seeing two distinct images, rather than one.

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Low Vision

Reduced vision that cannot be corrected by spectacles, usually due to eye disease.

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